As we all know that IT is the largest growing field in twenty century. So let us see some of the important IT field terms that are for everyone who wants to enhance their professionalism.
Compulsory IT Terms to enhance professionalism for everyone
- Computer: A computer is an electronic device, which can perform arithmetic and logical operation. A computer is a machine capable of solving problems and manipulating data. It accepts data, processes the data and gives us the desired output.
- Input Unit: It is the process of entering the data and programs into the computer system. The input unit provides devices like keyboard, mouse, etc.
- Output Unit: This is the process of producing the result from the data to get useful information. Some of the devices that show the output of a computer are monitor, printer, etc.
- Multimedia: Multimedia is the media that uses multiple forms of information like sound, audio, video, and animation, etc.
- Input Devices: The data of the fact that we feed into the computer is called an input. The devices used to input the data are called input devices. For example keyboard, mouse, light pen, microphone, etc.
- Output Devices: The result obtained after processing input is called the output. The devices used to output the data are called output devices. Monitor, printer, speaker, plotter, etc. are output devices.
- Storage Devices: In computers, data can be stored in devices called storage devices. These storage devices are also called the Memory unit.
- CPU: CPU stands for the Central Processing Unit, which is the processing chip and “brains” of a computer.
- Software: Software is a collection of programs that makes a computer understand the user’s requirement, the function to be performed, and the output to be produced for the user.
- Hardware: It include physical component of a computer system that is touchable.
- Operating system: Operating system is the software that communicates with the computer hardware. Hence, an operating system is an interface between the user and the hardware. For example MS-DOS, Windows, UNIX, Linux, etc.
- Virus: Virus is a software that infects a computer. It modifies other programs by placing a copy of itself inside them. The virus is harmful in nature. The acronym, VIRUS stands for Vital Information Resources Under Siege. For example Worm, Trojan horse, etc.
- Anti-Virus: It is a software program that either comes installed on our computer or when we purchase and do the installation. It helps protect our computer against most viruses. For example Norton, McAfee, AVG, etc.
- Network: Network is defined as an interconnection of the computer. The computer in a network may be linked through cables, telephone lines, radio waves or satellites, etc.
- ISP: An internet service provider (ISP) is an organization that provides access to the internet and related services for the customer. Such as JIO, AT&T, China Telecom Shanghai, etc.
- Web browser: A web browser is a special communication program that allows the computer to access, download and view web pages. Some popular web browsers are Netscape Navigator, Chrome, etc.
compulsory IT Terms to enhance professionalism for professional
- Analog: Analog technology is any piece of technology that does its job without processing numbers electronically as a computer does. You might think of analog as “old-schools” technology, like film cameras or tape recorders.
- Digital: Digital technology is the opposite of analog. It’s anything that uses a computer’s binary language to do its job. To digitize something is to convert analog data into digital data that can be used by a computer.
- Bandwidth: This term refers to the amount of information that can be transmitted or processed, either wirelessly or across a hardwired connection. Internet services will advertise fast speeds measured in bandwidth, so it is a well-known component of the IT world.
- Big data: Big data is a quick way to refer to the massive amounts of data that companies collect on a day-to-day basis. Corporations face a number of challenges of managing big data, especially when it comes to analysis and security.
- Bit: Bit is an abbreviation for “binary digit,” the smallest piece of information used by a computer. Each bit is either a 1 or a 0, which are the binary digits that makeup computer language.
- Byte: A byte is a sequence of bits.
|Byte||= 8 bits|
|Kilobyte||= 1024 bytes|
|Megabyte||= 1024 kilobytes|
|Gigabyte||= 1024 megabytes|
- Bug: A bug is a programming error that causes unexpected glitches or problems for a program’s end-user.
- Cloud storage: Cloud storage is an alternative to storing data on a computer’s physical storage. Information that’s stored “in the cloud” is kept on remote servers that can be accessed anywhere via the Internet.
- Code: Code refers to different programming languages used to create, edit or manage computer programs or applications. Most computer science students will specialize in a small handful of coding languages depending on the career they’d like to pursue.
- Control panel: Just like it sounds, a control panel is a tool that allows you to change a program’s settings or alter the way it looks or behaves.
- Data security: This is the process of protecting data from unauthorized users or hackers.
- Hacker: This term can refer to an expert programmer. But it’s most common usage is referring to someone who can gain unauthorized access, or “hack,” other computers or networks. IT specialists can earn qualifications to become a certified ethical hacker.
- Debug: Debugging refers to the process of finding and removing errors from a program’s source code. The goal is for programmers to discover and fix bugs before their end-user experiences problems.
- Disk storage: Disk storage refers to a computer’s hard drive or long-term memory. This is where a computer stores information that isn’t being used at the time. If disk storage becomes too full, a computer may become sluggish as it takes the time to wade through all that data.
- Ethernet: Ethernet is similar to the Internet. It’s a system connecting a number of computers or devices to the same network, allowing for fast, monitored transmission of data. Ethernets have restricted network access that’s managed by a handful of system administrators, making it a secure network solution for many companies.
- HTML: HTML stands for Hypertext Mark-up Language. HTML is a coding language used to write Internet-based documents, like websites. It’s one of the basic coding languages you’ll most likely learn early in your computer science career.
- Hub: This device is a central connection for all computers in a network, which is usually Ethernet-based. Information sent to the hub can flow to any other computer on the network.
- Index: An index is a list of data, such as a group of files or database entries. It is typically saved in a plain text format so a computer can quickly scan it to retrieve the information it needs.
- IP address: Also known as an “IP number” or simply an “IP,” this is a numerical code that identifies a specific computer on the Internet. Think of it as a computer’s unique Social Security Number.
- LAN: LAN stands for “Local Area Network.” This is a small computer network, often located within just a single room. (Think your high school or college computer lab.)
- Plain text: Unformatted text that doesn’t support any style like italics, underlining, bold characters, fonts or font sizes.
- RAM: This is an acronym for Random-Access Memory, the place where a computer stores data while it is being used or changed. Think of it as a computer’s short-term memory. It doesn’t have unlimited storage, but it makes for quick access to the information you’re currently using.
- ROM: ROM stands for Read-Only Memory. This is a memory that can only be read from and not written to. Computers use ROM to store important tasks like start-up processes and software instructions.
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