Linux Commands Cheatsheet with Example and Definition

Linux, with its robust command-line interface, empowers users and administrators to harness the full potential of their systems. Whether you’re a Linux newcomer or a seasoned pro, this Linux Commands Cheatsheet will serve as your comprehensive reference, complete with clear definitions and practical examples, to navigate the world of Linux commands efficiently.

Introduction to Linux Commands

Linux commands are text-based instructions for interacting with a Linux-based operating system. They are a powerful way to perform tasks, manage files, and control processes efficiently.

Navigating the File System

Learn how to navigate the Linux file system:

pwd: Print Working Directory

Display the current directory.


cd: Change Directory

Change the current working directory.

cd /path/to/directory

ls: List Directory Contents

List files and directories in the current directory.


File and Directory Operations

Perform common file and directory operations:

touch: Create Empty File

Create an empty file.

touch filename

mkdir: Create Directory

Create a new directory.

mkdir dirname

cp: Copy Files and Directories

Copy files or directories.

cp source destination

mv: Move or Rename Files and Directories

Move or rename files and directories.

mv oldname newname

rm: Remove Files and Directories

Remove files and directories.

rm filename

Viewing and Manipulating File Content

Manage file content efficiently:

cat: Concatenate and Display File Content

Display the content of a file.

cat filename

more and less: Page Through File Content

View file content page by page.

more filename

head and tail: Display the Beginning or End of a File

Show the beginning or end of a file.

head filename tail filename

nano and vim: Text Editors for File Editing

Edit files using text editors.

nano filename 
vim filename

File Permissions and Ownership

Manage file permissions and ownership:

chmod: Change File Permissions

Modify file permissions.

chmod permissions filename

chown: Change File Ownership

Change file ownership.

chown user:group filename

Working with Processes

Control and monitor processes:

ps: Display Running Processes

List running processes.


kill: Terminate Processes

Terminate a process.

kill process_id

top and htop: Monitor System Activity

Monitor system resource usage.


Package Management

Manage software packages:

apt: Debian and Ubuntu Package Manager

Install, update, and remove packages.

sudo apt install package

yum: Red Hat and CentOS Package Manager

Manage packages on Red Hat-based systems.

sudo yum install package

Networking Commands

Control and troubleshoot network connections:

ping: Test Network Connectivity

Check network connectivity to a host.

ping hostname

ifconfig and ip: Network Interface Configuration

Configure network interfaces.

ip addr

ssh: Secure Shell Connection

Connect to remote systems securely.

ssh user@hostname

netstat and ss: Network Statistics

Display network statistics.


Searching and Filtering Text

Search and manipulate text:

grep: Search Text

Search for text patterns in files.

grep pattern filename

find: Search for Files and Directories

Search for files and directories.

find /path/to/search -name filename

sed and awk: Text Manipulation

Edit and manipulate text using sed and awk.

sed 's/old/new/' filename 
awk '{print $1}' filename

File Compression and Archiving

Compress and archive files:

tar: Create and Extract Archives

Create and extract compressed archives.

tar -czvf archive.tar.gz directory

gzip and gunzip: Compress and Decompress Files

Compress and decompress individual files.

gzip filename 
gunzip filename.gz

System Information and Management

Gather system information and manage resources:

uname: Display System Information

Display system information.

uname -a

df and du: Disk Usage

Check disk usage on your system.

df -h 
du -sh /path/to/directory

free: Memory Usage

View system memory usage.

free -m


Linux commands are the backbone of Linux administration and everyday usage. This cheatsheet provides you with essential commands and their definitions, along with practical examples to help you navigate and master the Linux command-line interface. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced user, these commands will empower you to efficiently manage your Linux system.