What is the 3 in Web3?

Within “Web3,” the “3” designates the third iteration or stage of the internet.


Let’s see all Web phases till now, before moving to Web3.

Web 1.0

This stage describes the early stages of the internet, which are defined by simple information sharing and static web sites.

Pros and Cons of Web 1.0

Web 1.0, the early phase of the internet, had its own set of advantages and limitations. Here are some pros and cons:

Pros of Web 1.0

  • Information Access: Web 1.0 facilitated easy access to information, marking the beginning of the digital information age. Users could access a wide range of information on various topics from across the globe.
  • Simple and Fast: Websites in Web 1.0 were typically static, consisting of basic HTML pages. This simplicity made them load quickly and made navigation relatively straightforward.
  • Pioneering E-commerce: Web 1.0 laid the foundation for e-commerce by enabling businesses to establish an online presence and conduct transactions over the internet, albeit in a more rudimentary form compared to today’s standards.
  • Global Reach: The internet’s global nature allowed businesses and individuals to reach a global audience, breaking down geographical barriers and enabling communication and collaboration on an unprecedented scale.

Cons of Web 1.0

  • Limited Interactivity: Websites in Web 1.0 were mostly static, offering limited interactivity and engagement. Users could consume content but had limited options for interaction or participation.
  • Centralized Content Creation: Content creation and publishing were largely centralized, controlled by a relatively small number of organizations or individuals. This limited the diversity of voices and perspectives available online.
  • Technological Constraints: Web 1.0 websites were constrained by the technological limitations of the time, such as slow internet speeds, limited bandwidth, and less advanced web development tools. This constrained the richness and complexity of online experiences.
  • Accessibility Challenges: Early websites often lacked accessibility features, making it difficult for people with disabilities to access and use online content effectively.
  • Security Concerns: Web 1.0 lacked robust security measures, making websites vulnerable to various forms of cyberattacks and data breaches. Users had to be cautious about sharing sensitive information online.

Web 2.0

The emergence of social media platforms, user-generated content, interactive web apps, and more online interaction and teamwork characterize this phase.

Pros and Cons of Web 2.0

Web 2.0 brought significant advancements and changes to the internet landscape, introducing new opportunities and challenges. Here are some of the pros and cons:

Pros of Web 2.0

  • Interactive and Engaging: Web 2.0 introduced dynamic and interactive websites and applications, enabling users to actively engage with content, contribute their own content, and participate in online communities.
  • User-Generated Content: Platforms like social media, wikis, and blogs empowered users to create and share content easily, democratizing content creation and distribution. This led to a diverse range of voices and perspectives being represented online.
  • Social Networking: Web 2.0 facilitated the rise of social networking platforms, allowing people to connect with friends, family, and like-minded individuals globally. Social media became a powerful tool for communication, networking, and information sharing.
  • Collaboration and Crowdsourcing: Web 2.0 enabled collaborative work environments and crowdsourcing initiatives, fostering innovation and collective problem-solving. Platforms like Wikipedia demonstrated the power of collaborative knowledge creation.
  • Personalization and Customization: Websites and applications in Web 2.0 tailored content and experiences to individual users, leveraging data analytics and user preferences to deliver personalized recommendations and services.

Cons of Web 2.0

  • Privacy Concerns: The proliferation of user-generated content and social networking raised significant privacy concerns, as users had to navigate issues such as data mining, tracking, and privacy breaches. Personal information shared online could be exploited or misused.
  • Information Overload: The abundance of user-generated content and information online led to information overload and filter bubbles, making it challenging for users to discern credible information from misinformation or to stay focused amidst distractions.
  • Cyberbullying and Online Harassment: Web 2.0 platforms provided avenues for cyberbullying, harassment, and abuse, as individuals could anonymously target and victimize others online. Moderation and regulation of online behavior became significant challenges for platform operators.
  • Fake News and Misinformation: The ease of content creation and dissemination on Web 2.0 platforms facilitated the spread of fake news, misinformation, and propaganda, undermining trust in online information sources and contributing to societal polarization.
  • Monetization and Commercialization: While Web 2.0 enabled new business models such as online advertising and freemium services, it also led to concerns about excessive commercialization, data commodification, and the prioritization of profit motives over user interests and well-being.


Designed to be decentralized, based on blockchain technology, and centered around concepts like privacy, decentralization, and user ownership of data, Web3 is the next stage of the internet. By utilizing technologies such as blockchain, decentralized finance (DeFi), decentralized autonomous organizations (DAOs), and more, it seeks to establish an internet infrastructure that is more transparent, safe, and equitable.

Pros and Cons of Web3

Web3 represents a vision for a decentralized, trustless internet built on blockchain technology and cryptographic principles. While it holds promise for addressing some of the limitations of previous internet iterations, it also comes with its own set of advantages and challenges. Here are some pros and cons of Web3:

Pros of Web3

  • Decentralization: Web3 aims to decentralize control and ownership of data and digital assets, reducing reliance on centralized intermediaries such as tech giants or financial institutions. This could lead to greater transparency, resilience, and inclusivity in the digital ecosystem.
  • Data Ownership and Privacy: With Web3, users have greater control over their data and digital identities. Blockchain-based systems enable users to securely manage and monetize their data while preserving privacy and autonomy.
  • Interoperability: Web3 protocols and standards promote interoperability between different blockchain networks and decentralized applications (DApps), fostering an open and interconnected internet ecosystem. This could lead to seamless transfer of value and information across platforms and domains.
  • Tokenization and Digital Assets: Web3 enables the tokenization of real-world assets and the creation of digital assets with programmable functionality. This unlocks new possibilities for fractional ownership, peer-to-peer trading, and innovative financial instruments.
  • Trustless Transactions: Web3 leverages cryptographic techniques such as smart contracts and consensus mechanisms to facilitate trustless transactions and enforce agreements without the need for intermediaries. This reduces counterparty risk and enhances security in digital interactions.

Cons of Web3

  • Scalability: Current blockchain technologies face scalability limitations, including slow transaction speeds and high fees, which can hinder the widespread adoption and usability of Web3 applications. Scaling solutions such as layer 2 protocols and sharding are being developed to address these challenges.
  • Complexity and User Experience: Web3 applications often require users to interact with cryptographic keys, wallets, and unfamiliar interfaces, which can be intimidating and confusing for non-technical users. Improving user experience and onboarding processes is crucial for mainstream adoption.
  • Regulatory Uncertainty: The regulatory landscape surrounding Web3 technologies is still evolving, with governments grappling with issues such as taxation, securities regulation, and consumer protection in decentralized ecosystems. Uncertainty around regulatory compliance could hinder investment and innovation in the Web3 space.
  • Security Risks: While blockchain technology provides robust security guarantees, Web3 applications are still vulnerable to various security risks, including smart contract vulnerabilities, 51% attacks, and decentralized autonomous organization (DAO) exploits. Enhancing security practices and auditing processes is essential to mitigate these risks.
  • Energy Consumption: Some blockchain networks, particularly those based on proof-of-work consensus mechanisms, consume significant amounts of energy for transaction processing and validation. Addressing environmental concerns and transitioning to more energy-efficient consensus mechanisms is a priority for sustainable Web3 development.


The way the web has changed over the years to suit different societal demands and goals is a reflection of the ongoing innovation and adaptation of technology. Every stage advances the goals and knowledge of the ones before it, laying the groundwork for a digital future that is stronger, more robust, and more empowering.